First aid for Dogs and Cats

Injured dog

Emergency is something which can occur anytime to any living being. In such a scenario one should never panic and should focus on what need to be done. Always keep the below tips in mind as first aid for Dogs or Cats or any pet in case of emergency.

  • Poisoning

    Pets are generally curious of any strange materials around them. Some dogs and cats have a tendency to chew on the bathroom chemical bottles, rodent chemicals and antifreeze. In case this ever happens on your pets skin, wash the affected area immediately. In case the chemical has entered your pets eyes, then read the instructions on top of the chemical (in most cases it would be advised to wash your pets eyes). If the pet has consumed the poison and is experiencing seizures, unconsciousness, or breathing problem, then immediately call the veterinarian.  Collect any material which your pet would have chewed or vomited  in a self seal bag and carry it to the veterinary.

    As a precaution always avoid harmful chemicals out of reach from your pets.

  • Seizures

    Seizures are commonly seen in Dogs. In case you notice your pet suddenly having a seizure then try to  keep your pet from all the objects that might hurt it. Seizures usually last for a time span of 2-3 minutes. Once the seizure is stopped try to console your pet by making it feel comfortable and contact the vet to avoid future occurrences of seizures.

  • Fractures

    Fractures are really painful and can make even the most lovely pets bite anyone. Always muzzle your pet in case of a fracture. Lay your pet on a firm board or other firm surface(stretcher) for support and make sure you can carry your pet on that board to the vet. Wrap a blanket around the pet to avoid any further injuries. You can apply some ice immediately to cool down the swelling. Take your pet to the nearest vet immediately.

  • Bleeding(external)

    Try your best not to panic or faint when you see blood all around, instead focus on how to stop bleeding. Muzzle your pet to avoid getting bitten. Apply pressure on the area for a minimum of 3 minutes on where it is bleeding. Then check and see if the blood is clotting or not. If the bleeding is sever try to apply a bandage between the wound and the body to avoid further bleeding. Loosen the bandage every 15 minutes. If the bleeding is still severe, then take your pet to the nearest vet.

  • Bleeding(internal)

    Internal bleeding could be something severe and can be easily identified by bleeding in nose, mouth, rectum, coughing blood, and sudden collapse. Keep the animal warm and contact the vet immediately.

  • Choking

    One of the most common issues with pets. This usually happens if your pet eats food faster than it should or eats something which is apart from food. Choking is usually identified by difficulty in breathing, excessive pawing, blue-tinged lips/tongue. To avoid getting bitten, do not put your hand inside your pets mouth to pull out the item choking it. You may also add the risk pushing the item deeper down the throat and worsening the choking. Place both your hands on the rib cage of your pet and apply quick pressure, the idea is to push the item from the air which lungs will send from inside. If it still does not help then time to call your vet.


Always remember to keep harmful substances away from your pets. Never administer any first aid without proper training or veterinary advice.

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